The Chakra – Beginner’s Guide

Through our chakras we connect to the world of energies and frequencies around us. Each chakra is attuned to receive and transmit a specific spectrum of frequencies, which we perceive as colors and energies, and re-interpret them with our emotions and rational mind.

You can find all the basic facts about the seven major chakras below. Take a look at our tutorials and exercises as well as the most common techniques for each chakra balancing – from root to the crown.

A chakra is an energy center in our body. It is a kind of a vortex, exchanging the energy with our surroundings.

A well a balanced chakra is in-tune with the external energies and can process the full vibrational spectrum of its range without interference (blockages).

When all the chakras are balanced and in tune our perception of reality is much clearer because our view becomes guided by energy and not so much by the mind. We begin flowing through life and the life energy flows within us.

That’s when we reconnect to the nature, return to our natural learning path, work our karmic obligations, become flexible and open to changes and new life challenges. We develop our intuition, we walk with ease and radiate with positive energy.

There are many benefits of working on your body energy development and the best way to experience the change by yourself is through practice of chakra balancing and healing techniques.

The seven chakras in the human body are a part of a connected system of seven major and numerous minor energy transforming centers. There are 114 chakras in a human body, which are connected through an energy network called the ‘nadis’. There are 72.000 nadi channels which connect all the energy vortexes together and are forming the complete human energy body.

What does the Word "Chakra" mean?

‘Chakra’ is a word for ‘wheel,’ ‘circle’ or ‘cycle’ and is primarily a Hindu concept. However, many other traditions have similar concepts but use different terminology.

Originating from sanskrit, the word ‘Chakra’ can be translated more directly as ‘a spinning energy wheel’.

Word 'Chakra' in Sanskrit Script
Word 'Chakra' written in  Sanskrit script.

A highly skilled person who can see auras, can perceive chakras as vortexes of spinning energy. During chakra meditation we can often feel chakras spinning as vortexes, or visualize them as such with our inner vision.

These centers which exist in the energetic dimension have a conical shape which extends and opens up to our front and back.

The main seven chakras, as is adopted from Hinduist belief, are aligned along the vertical axis from the base of the spine to the top of the head.

Chakras are linked to each other through energy channels called Ida, Pingala and Shushumna. These are the main lines in a complex system of energy lines, called the Nadis.

What is the Function of Chakras?

The main function of chakras is they connect with the energies of our surrounding and transmit these energies to our bodies and vice versa.

This process has a direct impact on our physical, psychological, emotional, mental and spiritual perception. It affects what we perceive, how we feel and ultimately what we think.

Chakras over Man Body Silhouette

Another function of the seven chakras, as well as the smaller ones, is to store karma (energy accumulated in past life experiences and in our current life experience).

Activating and balancing the chakras can trigger an energy transformation within us, which allows karma to be ‘burnt up.’ This means that bonds to ego-driven actions are being loosened and we become more in tune with universal energies. Once this has occurred to some degree, a we get on the way of becoming liberated from the karmic law and we step on the path of fully empowering ourselves as natural human beings.

Each of the seven chakras has its own vibration and serves a specific purpose.

Chakras are also considered to be openings to different internal and external dimensions. They are associated with body organs, emotional states, levels of consciousness, colors, planets, natural elements, frequencies, and mythical deities,  and have different meanings and aspects.

Each chakra relates to specific color of the visible color spectrum – red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet.

Clearing and opening these energy centers is referred to as “chakra balancing” or “chakra healing”. This process can lead to a profound transformation of our emotional, physical, and spiritual state.

With little effort invested in balancing your chakras, you can significantly improve your overall well-being.

Anatomy of the Chakra Body

Chakras reside within the aura, where different human energy bodies (physical, spiritual, etheric, mental) are brought together and form these cone-shaped energy wheels or vortexes.

Each vortex is intimately linked with each other via the nervous system called Nadis. The main Nadi is called the Sushumna and goes straight up the spine from base to top of the head. Around the Sushumna, there are two intertwining Nadi channels, called the Ida and Pingala. These flow through each chakra and bring energy to these centers.

Diagram of the nadi channels and chakras in the human body:

Diagram of Ida, Pingala and Shushumna Channels

1. The Muladhara Chakra. 
1a. The Mooladhar. 
2. The Svadhisthana Chakra. 
3. The Manipura Chakra. 
3a. The Void. 
4. The Anahata Chakra. 
5. The Vishuddhi Chakra. 
6. The Ayna Chakra. 
7. The Sahasrara Chakra. 
A. Kundalini. 
B. Left channel (Ida Nadi). 
C. Central channel (Sushumna Nadi). 
D. Right channel (Pingala Nadi). 
E. Spirit. 
F. Ego. 
G. Superego.

When energy flows freely through Ida and Pingala channels, it allows our Kundalini, many times referred to as ‘the sleeping serpent’ to awaken and stem from the root chakra to the crown through Shushumna channel. Such occurrence is known as ‘Kundalini awakening’ and is one of the most profound spiritual experiences.

The Complete Guide to 7 Chakras

Each chakra has its own color, meanings and functions. Also, each chakra affects different parts of the physical body and our emotional and mental states. There are different symbols and even deeper meanings connected to each of the 7 main energy centers.

1. Root Chakra,
Manipura, Red

Root Chakra Symbol

The Root Chakra serves to draw energy from nature and Earth and transforms it into life energy …


Root Chakra Symbol

Root Chakra Meaning

Also referred to as “the first chakra”“base chakra”, or “Muladhara” in Sanskrit, meaning ‘support’ or ‘pillar’ …


Root Chakra Properties

  • Color: Red
  • Mantra: Lam
  • Element: Earth
  • Frequency: 256 Hz
  • Planet: Mercury
  • Animals: Elephant, Bull


Root Chakra Location

Root chakra is located in the pelvic area at the base of your spine …


2. Sacral Chakra,
Svadhishthana, Orange

Sacral Chakra Symbol

The Sacral Chakra is the center of sexual energy, sensual pleasures, creativeness and the joy of life …


Sacral Chakra Symbol

Sacral Chakra Meaning

Also known as “the second chakra”, or “Svadhishthana”, which in Sanskrit translates to ‘sweetness’ …


Sacral Chakra Properties

  • Color: Orange
  • Mantra: Vam
  • Element: Water
  • Frequency: 288 Hz
  • Planet: Venus
  • Animals: Fish, Crocodile


Sacral Chakra Location

Sacral chakra is located above the spleen  and above the sexual organs …


3. Solar Plexus Chakra,
Manipura, Yellow

Solar Plexus Chakra Symbol

The Solar Plexus Chakra is the center from which the power of life flows through the entire body …


Solar Plexus Chakra Symbol

Solar Plexus Chakra Meaning

Also named “the third chakra”, or in Sanskrit “Manipura”, which means ‘lustrous gem’, and also ‘jewel city’ …


Solar Plexus Chakra Properties

  • Color: Yellow
  • Mantra: Ram
  • Element: Fire
  • Frequency: 320 Hz
  • Planet: Mars
  • Animals: Ram


Solar Plexus Chakra Location

Solar plexus chakra is located above the navel, in the stomach area …


4. Heart Chakra,
Anahata, Green

Heart Chakra Symbol

The Heart Chakra is a link between lower and higher chakras where the earthly and celestial energies blend …


Heart Chakra Symbol

Heart Chakra Meaning

The heart chakra is also named “the fourth chakra” and “Anahata”, which in Sanskrit translates to ‘unstruck’ …


Heart Chakra Properties

  • Color: Green, Purple
  • Mantra: Yam
  • Element: Air
  • Frequency: 341.3 Hz
  • Planet: Jupiter
  • Animals: Antelope


Heart Chakra Location

Heart chakra is located in the chest area in line with the heart …


5. Throat Chakra,
Vishuddha, Blue

Throat Chakra Symbol

The Throat Chakra is the center for expression, keeping the balance between emotions and intellect …


Throat Chakra Symbol

Throat Chakra Meaning

The Throat chakra is “the fifth chakra” and its Sanskrit name “Vishuddha” means ‘purification’ or ‘pure’.


Throat Chakra Properties

  • Color: Light blue
  • Mantra: Ham
  • Element: Ether
  • Frequency: 384 Hz
  • Planet: Saturn
  • Animals: White elephant


Throat Chakra Location

Throat chakra is located at the position of the throat and lower neck area …


6. Third Eye Chakra,
Ajna, Indigo

Third Eye Chakra Symbol Image

The Third Eye Chakra is connected to sixth-sense perception, concentration and consciousness …


Third Eye Chakra Symbol

Third Eye Chakra Meaning

Also known as “the sixth chakra” and “brow chakra” or by its Sanskrit name “Ajna”, meaning ‘knowledge’.


Third Eye Chakra Properties

  • Color: Indigo
  • Mantra: Ksham
  • Element: All
  • Frequency: 426,7Hz
  • Planet: Uranus
  • Animals: /


Third Eye Chakra Location

Third eye chakra is located on the forehead between the eyebrows …


7. Crown Chakra,
Sahasrara, Violet

Crown Chakra Symbol Image

The crown chakra connects us to the celestial energies of the highest plane of existence, the true self …


Crown Chakra Symbol

Crown Chakra Meaning

Known as “the seventh chakra”“crown lotus” or “Sahasrara” by its Sanskrit name, meaning ‘a thousand’.


Crown Chakra Properties

  • Color: Violet, White
  • Mantra: Aum
  • Element: All
  • Frequency: 480 Hz
  • Planet: Neptune
  • Animals: Snake


Crown Chakra Location

Crown chakra is located at the top of the skull, slightly above the head …


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