Root Chakra Meaning, Location and Properties

The Root Chakra

The Root Chakra is also known as ‘The First Chakra’, ‘Base Chakra’ or ‘Muladhara’ by its Sanskrit name.

Its main purpose is to draw energy from natural sources and transform it into life energy, giving support to the complete human chakra system.

The root chakra is connected to the grounding and nurturing energies of the Earth.

Root Chakra Meaning

The root chakra is at the base and the root of the entire chakra system.

According to yogic teachings, this is the seat of Kundalini energy and the point where the energy enters the body.

If the base chakra is firm, life energy can flow unencumbered through all the energy channels and stimulate personal and physical development.

The first chakra supplies life energy to the body, soul, and spirit.

It preserves and replenishes life and is as such tied to the survival instinct and the conservation of the species.

Root chakra functions as an anchor that grounds you and gives you much-needed stability, which is necessary for everyday life, especially in situations when you are exploring your spirituality.

If the first chakra is imbalanced, it is blocking the energy flow to all other vitality channels.

The base chakra is associated with emoting that is forceful but not long lasting.

Muladhara is tied to the core life elements such as trust and the ability to relax. It reflects in areas such as security, stability, and survival.

Imbalanced or poorly functioning root chakra results in extreme ego-centrism or fear of life.

Stability of a firm base is vital for health and life to thrive, especially in a modern world where equilibrium, structure, and order are often hard to find. 

Root Chakra Animal - Elephant

An elephant is an animal symbol of the root chakra.

It symbolizes prosperity, security, soundness, abundance, and inner strength, which are the core elements of this energy center. The other two symbolic animals of this chakra are bull and ox, both denoting similar properties.

Root Chakra Location

The location of the root chakra in the physical body is at the base of the spine, near the coccyx, in the pelvic area between the perineum and the anus.

Root Chakra Location

In the energy body the location of the root chakra is at the bottom of the energy system of the Nadi channels through which the vital energy (chi, prana) flows throughout the human energy body.

The root chakra is connected and rooted into the earth through the energy channels leading through our legs and feet below. It has the strongest energy tie whit the sacral chakra which is located above it.

The Effects of the Muladhara Imbalance

If your base chakra is imbalanced, you are likely to face some of the following problems:

  • Lack of energy,
  • no motivation,
  • fears and worries,
  • negative self-image,
  • digestion problems,
  • circulation problems.

Most people are not even aware that such psychological and physical problems can originate from imbalanced root chakra and they simply take them for granted.

If the source of the problem stems from blockage of the root chakra, you can easily fix them by bringing your Muladhara chakra into balance.

If the first chakra is not balanced, other higher energy centers will not function properly as well. By balancing your root energy center, you will gain stability and develop a positive attitude towards life.

Root Chakra Symbol

Root Chakra Symbol

In Hinduism, the Muladhara chakra is depicted with four petals and a square, which symbolizes earth.

This chakra’ s symbol color is a deep vermilion red, which radiates through the energy vortex and represents life energy, power, and passion.

Psychological and Spiritual Aspects of the First Chakra

Any blockage in the base chakra area can negatively impact the vitality of your connection with the Earth and the natural laws.

Imbalances at this level can manifest in exaggerated behaviors guided mostly by emotions and little to no reason. Many fearful responses, self-centered, or aggressive behavioral patterns can be traced back to root chakra problems.

Technology is ever more pervasive in our environment, and it makes us lose the connection with our natural source. We can quickly become dissociated from reality, and we need to acquire ever more material possessions to be happy.

But the happiness we chase keeps eluding us because we keep using the wrong tools to pursue it.

  • Lack of energy, weakened sexual drive, insecurities, and lack of trust are just a few of the consequences of a weakened Muladhara.
  • If you have problems realizing your ideas, it might be that your first chakra is out of balance.
  • An exaggerated struggle for survival, avarice, penny-pinching, excessive materialism and unhealthy egocentrism signal a serious dysfunction of your natural base.
  • If you find you have problems concentrating, you feel adrift, and in need of a safe haven, it might be that upon examining the state of your first chakra you will find it to be out of balance.

Getting in touch with your Muladhara chakra helps you adjust your focus and re-establish the correct values that stem from being aligned with the creation around us.

The healthy and balanced root chakra is an essential foundation for any advanced spiritual work.

Spiritual Development of the First Chakra - Sadhu in Meditation

Hindu Yogis and Sadhus maintain strict discipline and dedicate their lives to spiritual development.

Pure energy flow throughout their complete chakra system enables them to develop ‘mystical’ powers such as astral projection, telepathy, and clairvoyance.

Psychological Manifestations of Root Chakra Imbalance

If you:

  • are afraid of the future,
  • lack the trust that all will be well,
  • often feel hopeless and drained,
  • feel like you are losing your ground,
  • are insecure about your decisions,
  • feel worried about your finances,
  • have a negative body image,
it might be that your root chakra is inactive or imbalanced.

Properties AND RELATIONS of the MULADHARA Chakra

  • Common names: Root Chakra, First Chakra, Base Chakra, Muladhara, Foundational Center.
  • Name meaning: Muladhara comes from Sanskrit and translates to root, support, or pillar.
  • Corresponding glandadrenal glands
Adrenal Glands

Adrenal Glands are endocrine glands which are responsible for the production of several hormones including adrenaline, aldosterone, and cortisol, which regulate a number important biological functions.

  • Color: red
  • Mantra: LAM
  • Number of petals: four petals, each containing one of the following Sanskrit syllables वं vaṃशं śaṃषंṣaṃ, and सं saṃ
  • Corresponding deities: Brahma, Dakini
Brahma - Hindu God Statue

Hindu God Brahma is known as the god of creation and alongside Vishnu and Shiva forms a Hindu Trimurti – a trinity of highest level Hindu gods.

  • Animal Symbols: elephant, bull, ox
  • Element: earth
  • Symbol: square
  • Sound: U
  • Frequency: 256 Hz
  • Corresponding sense: smell
  • Corresponding natural phenomena: dawn, dusk, red earth, fire
  • Planet: Mercury
Planet Mercury

Mercury is the planet closest to our Sun and the smallest planet in our solar system. It mostly consists of metal and silicate materials. One Mercury year lasts around 88 Earth days, which is the time needed for Mercury to complete one orbit around the Sun.

  • Key themes: survival, earthiness, stability, ancient trust, material safety
  • Affected body parts: colon, rectum, pelvis, bones, legs, feet
  • Positive spiritual aspects: development of life energy, source of life power, will for life, self-preservation, persistence, endurance, rhythm, connection with earth and nature, ancient trust, astuteness, sustaining life
  • Negative spiritual aspects: instinct, existential dread, self-absorbedness, narcissism, slowness, laziness
  • Physical signs pointing to an abnormal functioning of the Root Chakra: colon ailments, frequent constipation, hemorrhoids, sciatica, lower back pain, kidney and bladder problems, prostate issues, bone diseases, anemia, fluctuating blood pressure
  • Mental issues pointing to an abnormal functioning of the Root Chakra: fear, powerlessness, depression, lack of trust, searching for sanctuary and becoming attached to people who project a sense of security

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